Beijing is located at 3956'N and 11620' E, covers an area of 16,808 square kilometers, Two-thirds of it are mountains areas encircling the western northern and eastern sides of the city. The center of the city is 43.71 meters above the sea level. Main rivers include the Yongding River, the Chaobai River and the North Canal.
Beijing, including the urban and the suburban areas and the nine counties under its administration, is located in the northeastern corner of China, roughly the same latitude as New York City. Beijing municipality has a total area of 16,800 sq km (6552 sq mi). roughly the size of Belgium.
Beijing has 10.6 million permanent residents and over 3 million transient populations.
The permanent residents of Beijing come from all of China's 56 ethnic groups. The Han nationality accounts for 96.5% of the total. The other 55 ethnic minorities claim a population of more than 300,000, most of them are from Hui, Manchu, and Mongolian nationalities.
Though it may not appear so in the shambles of arrival, Beijing is a place of very orderly design. Long, straight boulevards and avenues are crisscrossed by a network of lanes. Scenic spots are either very easy to find if they're on the avenues, or impossible to find if they're buried down the narrow alleys (hutongs).
Encircling central Beijing today are a First Ring Road, a Second Ring Road, a Third Ring Road and a Fourth Ring Road, as well as a fifth one is to begin.
There are ten districts and eight counties under the jurisdictive of Beijing. The ten districts are Dongcheng, Xicheng, Chongwen, Xuanwu,Chaoyang, Haidian, Fengtai, Shijingshan, Mentougou and Fangshan Districts and eight counties are Changping.Shunyi, Tongxian, Daxing, Pingnu, Huairou,Miyun and Yangqing counties.